The launch of the James Web telescope in 2019 will allow more studies into star systems such as TRAPPIST-1. It is a project undertaken by three premier space agencies: NASA, the CSA and the ESA. This will give us vital knowledge about the composition of these mysterious planets that are believed to contain life, and possibly intelligent (alien) life as well. The Spitzer telescope initially discovered the Trappist 1 system while in a heliocentric orbit. The initial discovery of three planets in the Trappist 1 system in 2016 may very well go into the history books if these planets indeed have alien or any sort of life. Also of note is the fact that The James Web telescope will view Mars during the year 2020 and is expected to find out many interesting facts about the planet that we are not yet aware of. It will also be able to capture the entirety of Mars at once, unlike orbiters that take a while to get a full schematic of the planet. Thus, the James Web telescope is a profound step forward in terms of the technological capacities of space agencies such as NASA to observe planets.
Scientists will also be able to measure how much water has disappeared from the face of Mars over time by comparing normal water and heavy water ratios. Scientists believe that some water might exist on Mars in the form of underground aquifers. The idea is that these aquifers could potentially at the very least host primitive life. Furthermore, this telescope will also help us humans understand the early formation of the universe as the goal is to understand how the first objects that formed after the commencement of the big bang in the beginning of the history of the universe came to be.
The telescope was originally supposed to be launched in 2018, however due to spacecraft equipment taking longer to integrate with each other the launch has been postponed until 2019. This telescope will be the most powerful telescope ever made in human history. The budget of the telescope consists of $8.8 billion U.S dollars. Unlike the Hubble space telescope the James Webb telescope isn’t designed to be maintained by astronauts in space so it must work at a first attempt at launch. There are concerns among many members of the U.S congress that it might not work the first time like Hubble and due to it not being maintained by astronauts in space it may be a waste of money so congress discussed this manner thoroughly and NASA, the ESA and the CSA will have it undergo rigorous preparation before launch. Prior to the year 2000 NASA officials estimated that the telescope would cost around $1 billion U.S dollars, the cost of it has now ballooned to around nine times more than that. There is specifically an issue with the cryocooler on the telescope which was heavily discussed among government officials in congress. NASA has some wiggle room before launch which is an additional 10 months to get things ready but the concern is that the cryocooler may eat up a large portion of that time and take away attention to other aspects of the telescope that need to be prepared and inspected before launch.